Wednesday, 8 June 2011

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Basic Underwater Photography Tips

#1 - Get close to your subject - preferably within 12 inches. Water reduces color, contrast, and sharpness.

#2 - Make sure your camera flash is turned on, preferable in "forced flash mode."

#3 - For best composition - get low, shoot at an upwards angle, don't center the subject, try to fill your frame with the subject. Don't shoot "down" at the subject.

#4 - Make sure the subject's eyes are in focus.

#5 - Get your diving skills down before you start using a camera underwater.

#6 - Practice topside with your camera inside the housing. Try taking close-ups of flowers and household objects.

#7 - To minimize backscatter, buy an external strobe/flash and position it away from your underwater camera housing.

#8 - Set your camera to the highest resolution, and the lowest ISO to begin with.

#9 - Use auto white-balance when using a flash/strobe, and custom white balance or underwater mode when not using a flash.

#10 - Learn how to use manual mode or aperture priority mode if your camera offers it, so you control the balance between the natural light and the light from your flash.

#11 - If you are shooting with natural light, shoot in 20ft of water or less, with the sun behind you.

#12 - For quickest focus, use spot focus mode. Learn how to focus on an area without taking a photo (pressing the shutter button halfway) and recomposing.

#13 - If your underwater photos don't look sharp, check to see which shutter speed was used, it should needs to be 1/30th for still objects, 1/60th for slow moving objects, and 1/125th of faster for faster moving fish.

#14 - Most underwater photos can use an increase in contrast when post-processing your photos - but don't overdo it.

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